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A century of dishonor: a sketch of the United States by Helen Hunt Jackson

By Helen Hunt Jackson

First released in 1881 and reprinted in several variations on account that, Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor is a vintage account of the U.S. government’s improper Indian coverage and the unfair and vicious therapy afforded North American Indians by way of expansionist american citizens. Jackson wrote the e-book as a polemic to "appeal to the hearts and judgment of right and wrong of the yank people," who she was hoping may call for legislative reform from Congress and redeem the country’s identify from the stain of a "century of dishonor." Her efforts, which represent a landmark in Indian reform, helped start the lengthy technique of public understanding for Indian rights that keeps to the current day.Beginning with a felony short at the unique Indian correct of occupancy, A Century of Dishonor maintains with Jackson’s research of ways irresponsibility, dishonesty, and perfidy at the a part of american citizens and the U.S. govt devastated the Delaware, Cheyenne, Nez Perce, Sioux, Ponca, Winnebago, and Cherokee Indians. Jackson describes the government’s remedy of the Indians as "a shameful checklist of damaged treaties and unfulfilled gives you" exacerbated via "a sickening list of homicide, outrage, theft, and wrongs" devoted by means of frontier settlers, with in basic terms an occasional Indian retaliation. Such impressive occasions because the flight of leader Joseph of the Nez Perces and the Cherokee path of Tears illustrate Jackson’s arguments.Valerie Sherer Mathes’s foreword lines Jackson’s lifestyles and writings and locations her within the context of reform advocacy in the course of 19th century expansionism. This unabridged paperback variation includes an index, and the entire appendix, such as Jackson’s correspondence in regards to the Sand Creek bloodbath and her file as detailed Comminnioner to enquire the wishes of California’s challenge Indians.

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She was troubled continually by persistent sore throats and hay fever. On a trip to Colorado Springs for health reasons, Jackson met a local banker and railroad promoter, William Sharpless Jackson, whom she married in 1875. Although she enjoyed her Colorado home and her husband, she also missed her literary friends, and as a consequence, a turning point in her life came when she journeyed to New England in 1879 to attend the seventieth birthday celebration of Oliver Wendell Holmes. While she was in Boston, her chance attendance at a lecture by Ponca Chief Standing Bear changed her from a genteel author of romantic sentiment into a tireless friend of the Indian.

In December 1881 she returned to research and write several articles for Century Magazine. Initially guided by Father Anthony D. Ubach, a parish priest in San Diego, Jackson revisited many of the mission villages accompanied by both Henry Sandham, an artist assigned to illustrate her Century articles, and by Abbot Kinney, a wealthy, well-read, and experienced world traveler she had met at her Los Angeles boardinghouse. Concerned that without the protection of the government the Mission Indians would be driven from their lands, in May 1882 she wrote to fellow Coloradoan Henry Teller, the secretary of the interior under a new administration.

Jackson to Fiske, 29 February 1880, part one, box 3, fd. 31, Jackson Family Papers. 8. Jackson to Warner, 21 December 1879, The Warner Collection. 9. Jackson to Ward, [April or May] 1880 (HM 13981), Jackson manuscripts, Huntington Library, San Marino, California. Page xviii 10. Helen Hunt Jackson, A Century of Dishonor: A Sketch of the United States Government's Dealings with Some of the Indian Tribes (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1881), 339, 3031. 11. Jackson to Warner, 21 December 1879, The Warner Collection.

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