By Richard Ward
It is a bankruptcy from A worldwide background of Execution and the felony Corpse edited through Richard Ward. This bankruptcy is offered open entry lower than a CC by means of license.
Capital punishment is an historic common — it's been practiced at some point soon within the background of just about all recognized societies and locations. that isn't to claim, notwithstanding, that it really is an ancient consistent — the use, shape, functionality and which means of execution has various vastly throughout diverse old contexts. this can be likewise precise for an enormous — even supposing rather missed — point of capital punishment: the destiny of the legal physique after execution. This bankruptcy is an advent to the quantity.
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Extra info for A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse
72. 53. , p. 79. 54. Evans, Rituals of Retribution, p. 122. 55. Cited in van Dülmen, Theatre of Horror, p. 105. 56. , p. 104. 57. Spierenburg, The Spectacle of Suffering, pp. 55–7. 58. , p. 56. 59. For more on the locations of exposure, see Joris Coolen, ‘Places of Justice and Awe: The Topography of Gibbets and Gallows in Medieval and Early Modern North-Western and Central Europe’, World Archaeology 45 (2013), 762–79; L. Meurkens, ‘The Late Medieval/Early Modern Reuse of Prehistoric Barrows as Execution Sites in the Southern Part of the Netherlands’, Journal of Archaeology in the Low Countries 2 (2010), 5–29; Sarah Tarlow and Zoe Dyndor, ‘The Landscape of the Gibbet’, Landscape History (forthcoming); Nicola Whyte, ‘The Deviant Dead in the Norfolk Landscape’, Landscapes 4 (2003), 24–39.
69 Exposure of the body shamed the family of the offender as well as the felon themselves. 70 Exposure and punishment of the criminal corpse served not only to shame the offender (and by extension their family), but also to socially ostracise the malefactor in both a literal and symbolic sense. 72 Finally, utility emerges as an additional function of the punishment of the criminal corpse, particularly with the rise of punitive dissection in the eighteenth century. 73 The value of executed offenders as a source of bodies (and particularly when compared to the problems associated with other methods of acquiring bodies, such as grave robbery) is evident by the lengths which surgeons went to in securing bodies at the foot of the gallows, and in the comments made by William Hey, a provincial English surgeon of the later eighteenth century.
For the increased use of hanging in chains in eighteenth-century England and Wales, see J. S. Cockburn, ‘Punishment and Brutalisation in the English Enlightenment’, Law and History Review 12 (1994), 167; Peter King, ‘Hanging not Punishment Enough’: The Criminal Corpse, the Criminal Justice System and Aggravated Forms of the Death Penalty in England, 1700–1840 (Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming); Sarah Tarlow, Hung in Chains: The Golden and Ghoulish Age of the Gibbet in Britain (Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming).