Political History

A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt

By Malyn Newitt

A historical past of Portuguese in a foreign country enlargement 1400-1668 provides an available survey of ways the Portuguese turned so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as remote as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the tips and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to help enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a world wide enterprise. ultimately, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in a foreign country groups have been, surviving wars and average failures, and keeping off assaults by way of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s.

Including an in depth bibliography and thesaurus, A background of Portuguese abroad enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this attention-grabbing interval of ecu expansion

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However, the real foundation of Portuguese military and naval power rested upon the use of artillery in conjunction with sea power. During the fifteenth century Portugal’s most successful military operations were seaborne attacks on coastal towns in Morocco or on villages and settlements within striking distance of the sea. At first Portuguese attacks were not very sophisticated, with ships landing troops who then fought ashore in the conventional manner, but by the middle of the century Portuguese ships were not only carrying artillery but were using it to support landings and to attack targets on shore.

The army had been assembled in Lisbon and, as a visiting knight, he had been invited to join the expedition. He was fitted out by the king, and on arrival at Ceuta was given the command of a sector of the town manned with troops, presumably mercenaries, from the Low Countries. Having beaten off attacks on the walls, the Portuguese garrison, consisting of 400 horse and 1,000 foot soldiers, had sallied out and occupied some of the high ground overlooking the town. 46 If feudal armies could be assembled for individual campaigns, they could not be retained permanently for garrison duty.

80 Nevertheless there is no denying that Henrique became an icon for the Portuguese and the shadow cast by this icon has for years obscured the real nature of the commercial expansion that took place in the fifteenth century and the role of the seamen, the emigrant farmers, the slave traders, the fidalgos, the merchants, the princes and the foreigners who pushed it forward. The 1450s The reign of the young king, Afonso V, which effectively began on the death of his uncle in 1449, was marked by the ascendancy of the duke of Braganza and his supporters.

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