By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation was once apprehensive to understand why the fur exchange from New Netherland were declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a long way into Iroquois state to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the day trip from fortress Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest recognized description of the internal of what's this present day big apple kingdom and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert used to be a prepared observer, and his magazine isn't just an everyday log of the place the day trip social gathering traveled; it's also an in depth account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's outstanding wordlist is the earliest recognized recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations offer necessary fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and somebody with a distinct curiosity in local American reviews. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his specialist research of the language within the local American passages supply a priceless new size to this variation of the journal.
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Additional info for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
They were painted red, white, and black. 70 After having gone 4 or 5 miles, the Indians asked us to shoot. We fired our weapons, which we reloaded, and then we went to the castle. Northwest of us we saw a very large body of water. 73 The one we passed through was 3 1/2 feet wide. Above the entrance stood 3 large wooden images, carved as men, by which 3 locks fluttered that they had cut from the heads of slain Indians as a token of truth, that is to say, victory. This castle has 2 entrances, THE JOURNAL 15 one on the east and one on the west side.
53 They pushed one another into the fire in order to see us. THE JOURNAL 11 23 Dec. A man came shouting and screaming through some of the houses here. However, we did not know what it was supposed to mean. After a while Jeronimus de la Croix came, and wondered what it meant that the Indians were arming themselves. ” There were four with clubs, and some with axes and sticks, so that there were 20 men under arms; 9 on one side and 11 on the other. Then they went at each other, fighting and striking.
Today we were twice invited to feast on bear meat and salmon. 18 JOURNEY INTO MOHAWK AND ONEIDA COUNTRY January 3. Some old men came to us and said that they wanted to be our friends, and that we must not be afraid. Whereupon I told them that we were not afraid. Toward midday they gathered their council here with 24 men. After they had conferred for a long time, an old man came to me and felt whether my heart was beating against his hand. When he shouted that we were not afraid, 6 more men came from the council, and they presented us with a beaver coat.