By Daniel Chernilo
A Social idea of the countryside: the political kinds of modernity past methodological nationalism, construes a unique and unique social thought of the countryside. It rejects nationalistic methods of considering that take the countryside without any consideration up to globalist orthodoxy that speaks of its present and definitive decline.
Its major target is hence to supply a renovated account of the nation-state’s ancient improvement and up to date international demanding situations through an research of the writings of key social theorists. This reconstruction of the heritage of the geographical region into 3 periods:
- classical (K. Marx, M. Weber, E. Durkheim)
- modernist (T. Parsons, R. Aron, R. Bendix, B. Moore)
- contemporary (M. Mann, E. Hobsbawm, U. Beck, M. Castells, N. Luhmann, J. Habermas)
For each one part, it introduces social theory’s key perspectives in regards to the countryside, its previous, current and destiny. In so doing this booklet rejects methodological nationalism, the declare that the countryside is the mandatory illustration of the trendy society, since it misrepresents the nation-state’s personal problematical trajectory in modernity. And methodological nationalism can be rejected since it is not able to catch the richness of social theory’s highbrow canon. in its place, through a robust perception of society and a subtler suggestion of the geographical region, A Social thought of the Nation-State attempts to account for the ‘opacity of the countryside in modernity’.
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Additional resources for A social theory of the nation-state : the political forms of modernity beyond methodological nationalism
A final assessment of how convincing these arguments are can of course only emerge at the end of this book. Before commencing that reconstruction, however, one final and more theoretical step is still required. We need to introduce social theory’s claim to universalism from a strictly theoretical angle. Society as a regulative ideal It is now time to attempt the breaking up of the equation between the nation-state and society from its conceptual end and in this section I shall put forward the claim of society’s role as a regulative ideal.
Part II Classical social theory 3 Karl Marx (1818–1883) The rise of capitalism and the historical elusiveness of the nation-state The work of Karl Marx is a good starting point for a reconstruction of a social theory of the nation-state that, at the same time, is a critique of methodological nationalism. Although even sympathetic commentators have made the argument that Marx’s work is not particularly helpful for understanding the nation-state’s position in modernity (Giddens 1985: 23–31), the fact that Marx did not address the question of the nation-state directly can be turned here into an advantage.
11 The nation-state constantly faces its current crisis as the most urgent threat – almost a death-threat. However, these dramatic challenges are only experienced as such in the present and following generations do not necessarily remember them so dramatically. This is why the question is one of sociological equivocations: we neither surrender to the image of solidity, historical continuity and cultural homogeneity of the nation-state nor underestimate the strength and capacity with which the nation-state actually resolves its crises and re-creates itself.