By Theodore von Karman, Engineering
Authoritative and interesting, this well known heritage strains the technological know-how of aerodynamics from the age of Newton throughout the mid-twentieth century. writer Theodore von Karman, a well known pioneer in aerodynamic examine, addresses himself to readers accustomed to the evidence of aviation yet much less conversant in the field's underlying theories.
A former director of the Aeronautical Laboratory on the California Institute of know-how, von Karman based the U.S. Institute of Aeronautical Sciences in 1933. during this quantity, he employs simple, nontechnical language to recount the behind-the-scenes struggles of engineers and physicists with difficulties linked to carry, drag, balance, aeroelasticity, and the sound barrier. He explains how an expanding figuring out of the movement of air and its forces on relocating items enabled major advancements in aircraft layout, functionality, and safety.
Other subject matters contain the consequences of pace on ailerons; the standards in the back of the phenomenon of a sonic increase; and the plethora of difficulties surrounding the inception of house shuttle: surmounting the earth's gravitational box, negotiating a secure go back, and maintaining lifestyles amid the perils of interstellar radiation, weightlessness, and meteoric activity.
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Additional resources for Aerodynamics: Selected Topics in the Light of Their Historical Development
17. Alembert, J. Le R. d’, Essai d’une nouvelle thiorie de la risislance &s fluides (Paris, I 752); Opuscules mathimatiques (Paris, I 768)) V, I 32I 38. Helmholtz, H. von, “Uber discontinuirliche Fliissigkeitsbewegungen,” Monatsberichte der Kiniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften a Berlin ( I 868)) 2I 5-228. I 9. , “Zur Theorie freier Flussigkeitsstrahlen,” Journal f i r die reine und angewandte Mathematik, 70 (I 869)) 289-298. 20. Rayleigh, Lord, “On the Resistance of Fluids,” Philosophical Magazine, series 5, 2 (1876),430-441;also Scientijc Papers (Cambridge, 1899)) 4287-296.
He commenced working on the subject before I did, and this no doubt led people to believe that Lanchester’s investigations, as set out in 1907 in his “Aerodynamics,” led me to the ideas upon which the aerofoil theory was based. But this was not the case. The necessary ideas upon which to build up that theory, so far as these ideas are comprised in Lanchester’s book, had already occurred to me before I saw the book. In support of this statement, I should like to point out that as a matter of fact we in Germany were better able to understand Lanchester’s book when it appeared than you in England.
Jones’s theory furnishes an important counterpart to Prandtl’s theory and, in my opinion, rounds out the wing theory in a very satisfactory way. I should mention that a similar idea was used before by Munk (Ref. 13) to calculate the forces acting on airship hulls, a problem which is out of date today. , that of the delta wing. In this presentation of the theory of lift, I have deliberately left out an important aspect, namely, the influence of viscosity on lift phenomena. As a matter of fact, the influence of viscosity enters in almost every aerodynamic problem when we go into a more complete analysis.