By Jerry Green
The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, identified to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," used to be actually one other tragic occasion in a bigger trend of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged grants that proceed to this day.
On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, girls, and youngsters at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly lined by means of a blanket of snow, as a snowstorm swept throughout the geographical region. a couple of days later, veteran military general practitioner John Vance Lauderdale arrived for responsibility on the within sight Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. stunned via what he encountered, he wrote various letters to his closest kinfolk detailing the occasions, aftermath, and way of life at the Reservation lower than army profession. He additionally taken care of the wounded, either Cavalry squaddies and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the massive physique of literature already to be had at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army existence and a private statement of the tragedy, untainted by way of self-serving memory or decorated newspaper and political stories. His feel of frustration and outrage towards the army command, specially in regards to the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's existence. His correspondence presents new perception right into a well-known topic and was once written on the peak of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious enhancing of this huge assortment, a part of the toilet Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's reports on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
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Extra resources for After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891
Many years were yet to pass before wounds attended with great destruction of tissue were to fall under surgical control. 13 Despite the obstacles, the period between the two major wars was marked by major accomplishments in the medical department, accomplishments that would have a lasting impact on the regular army. In 1885, directives were issued to medical officers to perform monthly sanitary inspections of their posts and report the results to Washington, forwarded by the commanding officers.
His wife received two bullet wounds, but was not killed. One Feather's wife was also wounded. ll2 Few Tails' wife remained unconscious until the next morning, when she awoke to find her husband dead. Locating one of their extra ponies, she rode all day until she reached a settler's house. Instead of finding help, she was Chapter One: Background 41 threatened at gunpoint. She fled in such a hurry that she left her horse. She traveled on foot only at night because of her fear of the whites. Weak from her two bullet wounds, one in her breast and one in the leg, it took her five days for her to reach the beef corral near the agency, where she was found by some soldiers and taken to safety and medical attention.
Out of ignorance of their Lakota neighbors, they thought any Indian dance was a war dance. Fear that the Lakota would stage an uprising to drive the whites from their former lands swept the frontier. These fears were totally unfounded, for, as noted, the doctrine of the religion advocated peace. 42 As the number of dancers increased, however, so did the pressure on the Indian agents to stop the dancing. 24 After Wounded Knee Daniel F. Royer, a physician and former druggist without prior experience dealing with Indians, was named agent at Pine Ridge in October 1890, a political appointment arranged by Senator R.