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Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg

By Hans Ruthenberg

In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for financial study) validated an "African stories Centre" with the help of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the industrial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African international locations. by way of investigations into thestructure and customers of improvement within the constructing international locations, the experiences Centre will target at contributing in the direction of the production of a genuine basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's strengthen ment coverage could be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and fiscal sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up positive or even crucial, if fallacious and slender decisions are to be kept away from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced useful dating which be sure monetary occasions and their mutations open air Western business society than should be mostly accomplished by way of an remoted procedure. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this aspect the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his manner ordinarily styles of progress. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).

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7. of the huts and are put outside only to drink and occasionally to graze. Sometimes they are kept tethered. In the huts the cattle are kept in 4-ft. deep stalls, the sides of whidt are banked by stones. Thus, no liquid manure is lost. Feeding and bedding are done twice daily. As soon as the stall is full, the manure is removed and stored in piles in front of the huts. Three times a year, the man ure is brought to the fields in baskets whidt are carried on the head. ROUNCE & THORNTON estimate the supply of manure at 4 tons/acre annually.

Annual burning of grass and bush regularly destroys fodder which might otherwise 34 be used in the dry season. Fire contributes to the deterioration of the natural vegetation. On the other hand, the use of fire for reducing bush and doing away with useless grass is almost unavoidable. Cultivation of fodder crops and animal feed are practically unknown. In the rainy season the animals gain in weight, and in the dry season they lose weight. Accordingly" raising animals takes a Ion ger time. Only ab out half of the cows calve annually; of the new-born calves only about 50 per cent survive; in some places it is said to be as low as 10 per cent.

The practice of keeping stocks of hay as fodder reserves is not known (nor is the sickle). The livestock ist raised on a rhythm of gaining weight du ring the rainy season and losing weight during the dry season. The animals are kept primarily for the purpose of supplying meat for the farming family. Some milk and meat is sold. The income from cotton has raised demand among farmers with little livestock. For Usmao, COLLINSON estimated that, in spite of the poor quality of the livestock, cattle show an extraordinary high return per head.

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