Biography

Albert Camus: A Biography by Herbert R. Lottman

By Herbert R. Lottman

Whilst Albert Camus died in a motor vehicle crash in January 1960 he was once purely forty six years outdated — already a winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature and an international determine — writer of the enigmatic The Stranger, the fantasy referred to as The Plague, but additionally of the combative The insurgent — which attacked the ‘politically correct’ between his con-temporaries.

Thanks to his early literary success, his paintings for the under-ground newspaper strive against and his editorship of that day-by-day in its Post-Liberation incarnation, Camus’ voice appeared the moral sense of postwar France. however it was once a really own voice that defied the traditional knowledge, rejected ideologies that known as for killing within the explanation for justice. His demand own accountability will look both acceptable this day, while Camus’ voice is silent and has no longer been changed. The secrecy which surrounded Algerian-born Camus’ personal existence, private and non-private — a functionality of disease and mental self-defense in a Paris within which he nonetheless felt himself a stranger — looked as if it would make the biographer’s activity impossible.

Lottman’s Albert Camus was once the 1st and is still the definitive biography — even in France. On e-book it used to be hailed through ny occasions reviewer John Leonard: “What emerges from Mr. Lottman’s tireless devotions is a portrait of the artist, the outsider, the humanist and skeptic, that breaks the heart.” within the ny instances e-book evaluate British critic John Sturrock stated: “Herbert Lottman’s existence (of Camus) is the 1st to be written, both in French or English, and it's exhaustive, a exertions of affection and of fantastic industry.” while the booklet seemed in London Christopher Hitchens in New Statesman informed British readers: “Lottman has written an excellent and soaking up book... The aspect and the care are extra-ordinary... Now ultimately we now have a transparent voice in regards to the significance of liberty and the significance of being concrete.”

The new version through Gingko Press features a especially written preface through the writer revealing the demanding situations of a biographer, of a few of the issues that needed to be handled whereas writing the e-book and after it seemed.

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Die Calvelli-Adornos waren zu arm, um ihren Kindern Klavierunterricht - etwa von Wilhelmine Pfitzner (1841-1924), der Mutter des Komponisten Hans Pfitzner, die eine Zeitlang mit ihnen im selben Haus wohnte - geben zu lassen. 32 7. Programm einer »Soiree musicale« mit Maria, Agathe, Louis und Elisabeth Calvelli-Adorno im Frankfurter »Saalbau«, 1879. 33 Im August 1884 wurde Maria Calvelli-Adorno von dem Impresario >Colonel< James Henry Mapleson (1830-1901) engagiert. Als Mitglied einer 147köpfigen »Company« sollte sie für 800 Mark monatlich an der »definitiven Abschieds-Tournee« der berühmten Sopranistin Adelina Patti (1843-1919) durch Amerika mitwirken.

Im November 1938 »erhielt« Oscar Wiesengrund »bei dem Pogrom eine Verletzung an seinem ohnehin schon leidenden Auge« (Theodor W. Adorno: Brief an Walter Benjamin. New York, 1. Februar 1939). Die SA verwüstete seine Firma, er selbst wurde verhaftet und mit Tausenden jüdischer Männer in der Festhalle interniert. Auch Adornos Mutter, »damals schon 73, wurde aus uns unbekannten Gründen - obwohl >arisch< - drei Tage im Polizeigefängnis eingesperrt«, wie sich ihr Neffe erinnerte, »vielleicht infolge einer Denunziation aus Oberrad«.

Der Elektro-Ingenieur Bernhard Wiesengrund promovierte 1893 in Rostock mit einer Dissertation über »Ergebnisse von Experimental-Untersuchungen bei Umschmelzungen von Blei-Zinn-Legirungen« (gedruckt Leipzig 1894), ging 1902 nach England und wurde ein erfolgreicher Unternehmer (GS 4, S. 52: »Maschinen, wie mein Onkel in seiner Londoner Fabrik sie herstellte«). Seit 1914 britischer Staatsbürger, ließ er 1917 seinen Namen in »Bernard Wingfield« ändern. 44 14. Bernhard Wiesengrund: »Die Elektrizität, ihre Erzeugung, praktische Verwendung und Messung« (1894), mit fünf Auflagen (bis 1902) die erfolgreichste Veröffentlichung des Onkels.

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